Part 1 [2000-2200 Words] [50 Marks]
“And yet education seems to be, in the West, a setting where we learn not to heal, but to “deal.” James Hillman speaks of education as a kind of psycho pathology where we all become dealers. We learn how to use, to deal in, the world around us. Through education we often objectify the world; we perceive the world as an object to be explained, exploited, manipulated and marketed. For example, the marketing of fantasy at Disneyland, or exploitation through the media of personal tragedies.”
- Joan Halifax, Dharma Talk: Learning as Initiation, pg 2-3.
“The “humanism” of the banking approach masks the effort to turn women and men into automatons – the very negation of their ontological vocation to be more fully human.”
Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, pg 74.
Using the above two quotes as a starting point, together with the rest of the texts, explore and analyze how for both Halifax and Freire the use of a subject-object distinction is a critical part of their theories concerning the relationships human beings have with each other and with the world – What are the similarities and differences, and from there argue the extent to which you believe Halifax's interpretation of van Gennep's theory of rites of passage is applicable to the paradigm shift from banking to problem-posing education described by Freire.
the two readings of halifax and freire are attached below.
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That was a quite interesting read, and I can't help but agree with some points made. This promises to be an interesting write-up and I would love to be the one to write it.